Measurement Techniques in Solar and Space Physics (NCTS #: 20689-15)
Date: April 20-24 2015
Location: NCAR Center Green Campus, Boulder, CO
Welcome to the home page for the Conference on Measurement Techniques for Solar and Space Physics. This gathering was born out of the desire to collect in one place the latest experiment technologies required for advancement of scientific knowledge in the discipline of Solar and Space Physics.
There are two goals for this conference and the associated publication of its content: (a) to describe measurement techniques and technology development needed to advance high priority science in the fields of solar and space physics, and (b) to provide a survey or reference of techniques for in situ measurement and remote sensing of space plasmas.
Towards this end, it is recognized that the two 1998 volumes entitled, "Measurement Techniques in Space Plasmas" (Particles and Fields) have been a valuable reference and resource for advanced students, engineers, and scientists who wish to know the fundamentals of measurement techniques and technology in this field. Those monographs were the product of an AGU Chapman Conference that took place in Santa Fe in 1995: “Measurement Techniques in Space Plasmas -- What works, what doesn’t.” At this time, 20 years later, we believe it is appropriate to re-visit this subject, in light of recent advances in technology, research platforms, and analysis techniques. Furthermore, we now include direct measurements of neutral gases in the upper atmosphere, optical imaging techniques, and remote observations in space and on the ground.
Accordingly, the present workshop will be organized among four areas of measurement techniques: particles, fields, photons, and ground-based. Particular attention will be given to those techniques and technologies that demonstrate promise of significant advancement in measurements that will enable the highest priority science as described in the 2012 NRC Decadal Survey to be achieved. Additionally, a broad survey of the current technologies will be provided to serve as reference material and as a basis from which advanced and innovative ideas can be discussed. Instrumentation and techniques to observe the solar environment from its interior to its outer atmosphere, the heliosphere out to the interstellar regions, geospace and planetary magnetospheres and atmospheres are included. To make significant progress in priority science as expressed in the NRC solar and space physics decadal survey and recent NASA heliophysics roadmaps, identification of enabling new measurement techniques and technologies to be developed is required. Additionally, it is valuable to the community and future scientists and engineers to have a complete survey of the techniques and technologies used by the practitioners of solar and space physics. As with the 1995 conference, it is also incumbent on the community to identify those measurements which are particularly challenging and still require new techniques to be identified and tested to enable the necessary accuracy and resolution of certain parameters to be achieved.
The following is a partial list of the measurement technique categories that will be featured at the upcoming conference:
- Particles: Thermal plasma to MeV energetic particles, neutral gas properties including winds, density, temperature, and composition, and enhanced neutral atom imaging (ENA).
- Fields: DC electric and magnetic fields, plasma waves, and electron drift instruments from which the plasma velocity information provides a measure of the DC electric field.
- Photons: Instruments sensitive from the near infrared to x-rays. Contributions of techniques and technology for optical design, optical components, sensors, material selection for cameras, telescopes, and spectrographs are encouraged.
- Ground-Based: Remote sensing methods for solar and geospace activity and space weather. The focus includes solar observatories, all-sky cameras, lidars, and ITM observatory systems such as radars, ionosondes, GPS receivers, and magnetometers; conjugate observations and airborne campaigns.